References

Infographics

Enhancing Resilience for Students


1. Anderson, R., Mammen, K., Paul, P., Pletch, A., & Pulia, K. (2017). Using yoga nidra to improve stress in psychiatric nurses in a pilot study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 23(6), 494-495. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2017.0046  

2. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). Contexts of child rearing: Problems and prospects. American Psychologist, 34(10), 844–850. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.34.10.844 

3. Chellew, K., Evans, P., Fornes-Vives, J., Pérez G, & Garcia-Banda, G. (2015). The effect of progressive muscle relaxation on daily cortisol secretion. Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress, 18(5), 538–44. https://doi.org/10.3109/10253890.2015.1053454

4. Dol, K. S. (2019). Effects of a yoga nidra on the life stress and self-esteem in university students. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 35, 232–236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.03.004 

5. Dolbier, C. L., & Rush, T. E. (2012). Efficacy of abbreviated progressive muscle relaxation in a high-stress college sample. International Journal of Stress Management, 19(1), 48–68. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027326

6. Emmons, R. A., McCullough, M. E., & Tsang, J.-A. (2003). The assessment of gratitude. In  Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures (pp. 327–341). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/10612-021 

7. Feldman, G., Greeson, J., & Senville, J. (2010). Differential effects of mindful breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and loving-kindness meditation on decentering and negative reactions to repetitive thoughts. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48(10), 1002–1011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2010.06.006 

8. Froh, J. J., Sefick, W. J., & Emmons, R. A. (2008). Counting blessings in early adolescents: An experimental study of gratitude and subjective well-being. Journal of School Psychology, 46(2), 213–233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsp.2007.03.005 

9. Hanley, A., Warner, A, & Garland, E. L. (2015). Associations between mindfulness, psychological well-being, and subjective well-being with respect to contemplative practice. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16, 1423-1436. doi: 10.1007/s10902-014-9569-5

10. Goldin PR & Gross JJ. (2010). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder. Emotion, 10(1), 83–91. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018441 

11. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2013). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness (Revised and updated edition.). Bantam Books. 

12. Kabat-Zinn, Jon. (2005). Coming to our senses: Healing ourselves and the world through mindfulness (1st ed.). Hyperion. 

13. Khoury, B., Sharma, M., Rush, S. E., & Fournier, C. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 78(6), 519–528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.03.009 

14. Kiken, L. G., Lundberg, K. B., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2017). Being present and enjoying It: Dispositional mindfulness and savoring the moment are distinct, interactive predictors of positive emotions and psychological health. Mindfulness, 8(5), 1280–1290. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0704-3 

15. Kiken, L., & Shook, N. (2011). Looking up: Mindfulness increases positive judgments and reduces negativity bias. Social Psychological & Personality Science, 2(4), 425–431. 

16. Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. Springer publishing company. 

17. Lyubomirsky, S., Sheldon, K. M., & Schkade, D. (2005). Pursuing happiness: The architecture of sustainable change. Review of General Psychology, 9(2), 111–131. https://doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.9.2.111 

18. McCraty, R., Barrios-Choplin, B., Rozman, D., Atkinson, M., & Watkins, A. D. (1998). The impact of a new emotional self-management program on stress, emotions, heart rate variability, DHEA and cortisol. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science, 33(2), 151–170. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02688660 

19. Neff, K. D., & Dahm, K. A. (2015). Self-compassion: What it is, what it does, and how it relates to mindfulness. In B. D. Ostafin, M. D. Robinson, & B. P. Meier (Eds.), Handbook of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation (pp. 121–137). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2263-5_10 

20. Neff, K. D., Hsieh, Y.-P., & Dejitterat, K. (2005). Self-compassion, achievement goals, and coping with academic failure. Self and Identity, 4(3), 263–287. https://doi.org/10.1080/13576500444000317 

21. Neff, K. D., Rude, S. S., & Kirkpatrick, K. L. (2007). An examination of self-compassion in relation to positive psychological functioning and personality traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(4), 908–916. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2006.08.002 

22. Pang, D., & Ruch, W. (2019). The mutual support model of mindfulness and character strengths. Mindfulness, 10(8), 1545–1559. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01103-z 

23. Post, S. G. (2005). Altruism, happiness, and health: It’s good to be good. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 12(2), 66–77. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327558ijbm1202_4 

24. Rippstein-Leuenberger K, Mauthner O, Bryan Sexton J, & Schwendimann R. (2017). A qualitative analysis of the three good things intervention in healthcare workers. BMJ Open, 7(5), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-015826 

25. Rozin, P., & Royzman, E. B. (2001). Negativity bias, negativity dominance, and contagion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5(4), 296–320. 

26. Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Authentic happiness : using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. Free Press.

27. Tang, Y.-Y., Tang, R., & Posner, M. I. (2016). Mindfulness meditation improves emotion regulation and reduces drug abuse. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 163, S13–S18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.11.041 

28. Trew, J. L., & Alden, L. E. (2015). Kindness reduces avoidance goals in socially anxious individuals. Motivation and Emotion, 39(6), 892–907. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-015-9499-5 

29. Vaish A, Grossmann T, & Woodward A. (2008). Not all emotions are created equal: The negativity bias in social-emotional development. Psychological Bulletin, 134(3), 383–403. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.134.3.383 




Sleep Hygiene


1. Anderson, R., Mammen, K., Paul, P., Pletch, A., & Pulia, K. (2017). Using yoga nidra to improve stress in psychiatric nurses in a pilot study.  The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 23(6), 494-495. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2017.0046  

2. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). Contexts of child rearing: Problems and prospects.  American Psychologist, 34(10), 844–850. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.34.10.844 

3. Chellew, K., Evans, P., Fornes-Vives, J., Pérez G, & Garcia-Banda, G. (2015). The effect of progressive muscle relaxation on daily cortisol secretion. Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress, 18(5), 538–44. https://doi.org/10.3109/10253890.2015.1053454

4. Dol, K. S. (2019). Effects of a yoga nidra on the life stress and self-esteem in university students. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 35, 232–236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.03.004 

5. Dolbier, C. L., & Rush, T. E. (2012). Efficacy of abbreviated progressive muscle relaxation in a high-stress college sample. International Journal of Stress Management, 19(1), 48–68. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027326

6. Emmons, R. A., McCullough, M. E., & Tsang, J.-A. (2003). The assessment of gratitude. In  Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures (pp. 327–341). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/10612-021 

7. Feldman, G., Greeson, J., & Senville, J. (2010). Differential effects of mindful breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and loving-kindness meditation on decentering and negative reactions to repetitive thoughts.  Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48(10), 1002–1011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2010.06.006 

8. Froh, J. J., Sefick, W. J., & Emmons, R. A. (2008). Counting blessings in early adolescents: An experimental study of gratitude and subjective well-being. Journal of School Psychology, 46(2), 213–233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsp.2007.03.005 

9. Hanley, A., Warner, A, & Garland, E. L. (2015). Associations between mindfulness, psychological well-being, and subjective well-being with respect to contemplative practice. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16, 1423-1436. doi: 10.1007/s10902-014-9569-5

10. Goldin PR & Gross JJ. (2010). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder . Emotion, 10(1), 83–91. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018441 

11. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2013). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness (Revised and updated edition.). Bantam Books. 

12. Kabat-Zinn, Jon. (2005). Coming to our senses: Healing ourselves and the world through mindfulness (1st ed.). Hyperion. 

13. Khoury, B., Sharma, M., Rush, S. E., & Fournier, C. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: A meta-analysis.  Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 78(6), 519–528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.03.009 

14. Kiken, L. G., Lundberg, K. B., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2017). Being present and enjoying It: Dispositional mindfulness and savoring the moment are distinct, interactive predictors of positive emotions and psychological health.  Mindfulness, 8(5), 1280–1290. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0704-3 

15. Kiken, L., & Shook, N. (2011). Looking up: Mindfulness increases positive judgments and reduces negativity bias.  Social Psychological & Personality Science, 2(4), 425–431. 

16. Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984).  Stress, appraisal, and coping. Springer publishing company. 

17. Lyubomirsky, S., Sheldon, K. M., & Schkade, D. (2005). Pursuing happiness: The architecture of sustainable change.  Review of General Psychology, 9(2), 111–131. https://doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.9.2.111 

18. McCraty, R., Barrios-Choplin, B., Rozman, D., Atkinson, M., & Watkins, A. D. (1998). The impact of a new emotional self-management program on stress, emotions, heart rate variability, DHEA and cortisol.  Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science, 33(2), 151–170. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02688660 

19. Neff, K. D., & Dahm, K. A. (2015). Self-compassion: What it is, what it does, and how it relates to mindfulness. In B. D. Ostafin, M. D. Robinson, & B. P. Meier (Eds.),  Handbook of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation (pp. 121–137). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2263-5_10 

20. Neff, K. D., Hsieh, Y.-P., & Dejitterat, K. (2005). Self-compassion, achievement goals, and coping with academic failure. Self and Identity, 4(3), 263–287. https://doi.org/10.1080/13576500444000317 

21. Neff, K. D., Rude, S. S., & Kirkpatrick, K. L. (2007). An examination of self-compassion in relation to positive psychological functioning and personality traits.  Journal of Research in Personality, 41(4), 908–916. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2006.08.002 

22. Pang, D., & Ruch, W. (2019). The mutual support model of mindfulness and character strengths.  Mindfulness, 10(8), 1545–1559. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01103-z 

23. Post, S. G. (2005). Altruism, happiness, and health: It’s good to be good . International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 12(2), 66–77. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327558ijbm1202_4 

24. Rippstein-Leuenberger K, Mauthner O, Bryan Sexton J, & Schwendimann R. (2017). A qualitative analysis of the three good things intervention in healthcare workers.  BMJ Open, 7(5), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-015826 

25. Rozin, P., & Royzman, E. B. (2001). Negativity bias, negativity dominance, and contagion.  Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5(4), 296–320. 

26. Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Authentic happiness : using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. Free Press.

27. Tang, Y.-Y., Tang, R., & Posner, M. I. (2016). Mindfulness meditation improves emotion regulation and reduces drug abuse.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 163, S13–S18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.11.041 

28. Trew, J. L., & Alden, L. E. (2015). Kindness reduces avoidance goals in socially anxious individuals.  Motivation and Emotion, 39(6), 892–907. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-015-9499-5 

29. Vaish A, Grossmann T, & Woodward A. (2008). Not all emotions are created equal: The negativity bias in social-emotional development.  Psychological Bulletin, 134(3), 383–403. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.134.3.383 




Managing Expectations & Coping with Academic Challenges


1. Al-Dubai, S. A. R., Al-Naggar, R. A., Alshagga, M. A., & Rampal, K. G. (2011). Stress and coping strategies of students in a medical faculty in Malaysia. The Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS, 18(3), 57.

2. Barbouta, A., Barbouta, C., & Kotrotsiou, S. (2020). Growth mindset and grit: How do university students’ mindsets and grit affect their academic achievement? International Journal of Caring Sciences, 13(1), 654.

3. Briggs, S. (2015, February 10). 25 Ways to Develop a Growth Mindset. InformED. https://www.opencolleges.edu.au/informed/features/develop-a-growth-mindset/

4. Chen, L., Wang, L., Qiu, X. H., Yang, X. X., Qiao, Z. X., Yang, Y. J., & Liang, Y. (2013). Depression among Chinese university students: prevalence and socio-demographic correlates. PloS One, 8(3), e58379.

5. Dweck, C. S. (2006). Mindset: The new psychology of success. Random House.

6. Dweck, C. S., & Yeager, D. S. (2019). Mindsets: A view from two eras. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 14(3), 481–496.

7. Québec Confederation for Engineering Student Outreach. (2017). Impacts of excessive workload on student mental health [PowerPoint slides]. EngineersCanada. https://engineerscanada.ca/sites/default/files/board/02-QCESO-CFES-Effects-Excessive-Workload-Student-Mental-Health-Open-Forum.pdf

8. Steptoe, A., Tsuda, A., & Tanaka, Y. (2007). Depressive symptoms, socio-economic background, sense of control, and cultural factors in university students from 23 countries. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 14(2), 97-107.

9. Yeager, D. S., Hanselman, P., Walton, G. M., Murray, J. S., Crosnoe, R., Muller, C., Tipton, E., Schneider, B., Hulleman, C. S., Hinojosa, C. P., Paunesku, D., Romero, C., Flint, K., Roberts, A., Trott, J., Iachan, R., Buontempo, J., Yang, S. M., Carvalho, C. M., … Dweck, C. S. (2019). A national experiment reveals where a growth mindset improves achievement. Nature, 573(7774), 364–369. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1466-y




Effective Communication


1. Bushman, B. J. (2002). Does venting anger feed or extinguish the flame? Catharsis, rumination, distraction, anger, and aggressive responding. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(6), 724-73 https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167202289002

2. Cannity, K. M., Banerjee, S. C., Hichenberg, S., Leon-Nastasi, A. D., Howell, F., Coyle, N., ... & Parker, P. A. (2021). Acceptability and efficacy of a communication skills training for nursing students: Building empathy and discussing complex situations. Nurse Education in Practice, 50, 102928. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2020.102928

3. Cohn, K. H. (2007). Developing effective communication skills. Journal of Oncology Practice, 3 (6), 314-7. http://doi10.1200/JOP.0766501

4. Orloff, J. (2017). The Empath's Survival Guide: Life Strategies for Sensitive People. Sounds True.

5.Phutela, D. (2015). The importance of non-verbal communication. IUP Journal of Soft Skills, 9(4), 43.

6. Polito, J. M. (2013). Effective communication during difficult conversations. The Neurodiagnostic Journal, 53(2), 142-152. http://doi10.1080/21646821.2013.11079899

7. Suter, E., Arndt, J., Arthur, N., Parboosingh, J., Taylor, E., & Deutschlander, S. (2009). Role understanding and effective communication as core competencies for collaborative practice. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 23(1), 41-51. http://doi10.1080/13561820802338579